Ginkgo biloba: Common name, habitat, Properties

Ginkgo biloba is often known as the ginkgo or maidenhair tree. It is a unique and ancient species of herb that holds a special place in the botanical world. This tree is considered to be one of the oldest living tree species. Its history is more than 200 million years old. Despite its ancient origins, this tree has managed to adapt to changing environments and has escaped extinction, making it a symbol of resilience and longevity. We will learn about it in detail in this article.
Ginkgo biloba: Common name, habitat, Properties
Table of Contents

Scientific Name

Ginkgo biloba


Maidenhair tree, Kew tree

Habit and Natural Habitat

It is a Deciduous tree. It is originally found in China. Also found in various temperate regions around the world

Other Common names

Ginkgo, Maidenhair tree

Chemical Composition

Various active compounds are found in Ginkgo biloba, including flavonoids, terpenoids (ginkgolides and bilobalide), and organic acids.

Parts Used


Properties of Angelica

Ayurvedic Properties

Many Ayurvedic properties are found in it, some of which are as follows
  1. Rasa (Taste): Tikta (Bitter)
  2. Guna (Quality): Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)
  3. Virya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)
  4. Vipaka (Post-digestive effect): Katu (Pungent)
  5. Doshas: Balances Vata and Kapha, and may aggravate Pitta in excess

Therapeutic properties

It has many therapeutic properties like:
  1. Cognitive enhancer
  2. Antioxidant
  3. Anti-inflammatory
  4. Vasodilator
  5. Neuroprotective

Health Benefits of Ginkgo biloba

  1. Enhances cognitive growth: Ginkgo Biloba has long been known for its ability to support cognitive function. Studies show that flavonoids and terpenoids found in ginkgo help improve memory, concentration, and overall cognitive performance in elderly individuals.
  2. Antioxidant Protection: Ginkgo biloba has powerful antioxidant properties that help neutralize free radicals in the body, reducing oxidative stress and the risk of other diseases including heart disease.
  3. Anti-inflammatory compounds help reduce swelling: They contain anti-inflammatory compounds that can help reduce inflammation throughout the body, providing benefits for arthritis, asthma, and inflammatory skin conditions.
  4. Enhances vasodilation and heart health: Ginkgo Biloba promotes vasodilation which improves blood flow and circulation. It may benefit heart health by improving peripheral circulation and reducing the risk of high blood pressure.
  5. Neuroprotective effects: Ginkgo biloba has been shown to have neuroprotective properties making it a potential ally in the prevention and management of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. It may help support overall brain health by protecting nerve cells from damage.

Uses of Ginkgo biloba

  1. Ginkgo Biloba Dosage: The recommended dosage may vary depending on the product and intended use. It should never be consumed without a doctor’s advice, and the duration of the medicine should not be increased on one’s own.
  2. Ginkgo Biloba Tea: To make this tea, soak one teaspoon of dried Ginkgo Biloba leaves in a cup of hot water for about 10-15 minutes. After this filter it and enjoy it. Honey or lemon can also be added to enhance its taste.
  3. Extract: Its extract is available in different concentrations. It can be consumed directly or mixed with water or juice. Be sure to consult a doctor before consuming it.
  4. Topical Products: Ginkgo Biloba can be found in a variety of topical products, such as creams, ointments, and oils. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to use it. Be sure to do a patch test to avoid any allergic reaction or skin sensitivity.

Precautionary Measures for Ginkgo biloba

There are certain precautions we need to take when using herbal herbs. Some precautions to consider include:
  1. Has blood-thinning effects: It has blood-thinning properties, so individuals taking anticoagulant or antiplatelet medications should use it with caution to avoid excessive bleeding.
  2. May show allergic reactions: Some people may be allergic to it, especially those who are allergic to plants in the Ginkgoaceae family.
  3. May interact with medications: It may interact with certain medications, including antidepressants, anticonvulsants, and medications metabolized by the liver. Be sure to consult a doctor before taking it with other medicines.


Ginkgo Biloba is known for its rich history and impressive array of health benefits. Like other herbal remedies, it should be used responsibly and with caution. With proper knowledge and guidance, it can be a valuable addition to your daily routine.

Remember, before starting any new wellness regimen, it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional to ensure it is suitable for your specific needs and circumstances.

Frequently Asked Question
There is no strong scientific evidence that it improves mood or makes you feel good. However, it has been studied for cognitive function, with mixed results.
No, Ginkgo Biloba cannot be called a superfood. Superfoods are typically nutrient-rich fruits, vegetables, or whole grains. It may have some health benefits, but it is not a complete source of nutrients.
Ginkgo nuts are not technically nuts. If eaten raw or in large quantities, they can be poisonous. Therefore, ginkgo nuts should not be consumed without consulting a medical professional.
There’s no scientific evidence that Ginkgo biloba directly boosts energy levels.
Here are three facts about the Ginkgo tree:
  1. Is a living fossil: Ginkgo biloba is a living fossil, meaning that this species has lived for millions of years with very little change. Fossils of ginkgo leaves are more than 200 million years old.
  2. Long-lived: Its trees are known for their long life. Some of its samples in China are said to be more than 2,500 years old.
  3. Has Unique Leaves: It has fan-shaped leaves which are different from the leaves of other trees. They are bilobed which turn a beautiful golden yellow in autumn.

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