Green Chiretta: habit, habitat, properties, benefits and uses

Green chiretta is scientifically known as Andrographis paniculata. It is a medicinal herb known for its medicinal properties for centuries. It is a plant of the Acanthaceae family and was originally found in South Asian countries like India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. It has a rich history in traditional medicine. It provides many health benefits which is why it is used in many herbal remedies. In this article, we will learn about it in detail.

Green Chiretta: habit, habitat, properties, benefits and uses
Table of Contents

Habit and Habitat

Green chiretta is a hardy annual herb characterized by its slender stem and lance-shaped leaves. Its height is usually 30-110 cm, and it has small white flowers with purple marks. This herb can thrive in a wide variety of habitats from plains to mountainous areas, often being found in moist and shady areas. Due to its medicinal properties, it is cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas.

Indian names

In India, Green Chiretta is known by different names in regional languages. Some of its common Indian names are Kalmegh, Bhunimba, Kalomegha, Siriyanangai, and Nelavemu.

Chemical Composition

It contains many bioactive compounds, including:
  1. Andrographolide: Diterpenoid lactone (primary bioactive component) with a bitter taste
  2. Flavonoids: compounds such as Apigenin and Luteolin
  3. Diterpenes: Antimicrobial and Hepatoprotective properties in other diterpenoid compounds

Parts Used

Many parts of this plant are used for medicinal purposes. The most commonly used part is the aerial part, which also includes leaves and stems.

Properties of Green Chiretta

Ayurvedic Properties

In Ayurveda, green chiretta is a herb with powerful medicinal properties known for its bitter (Tikta) and pungent (Katu) taste. It is known to balance the Kapha and Pitta doshas, reducing the imbalances associated with these constitutional types. It also has many other Ayurvedic properties like:
  1. Deepana: Stimulates digestion
  2. Pachana: Helps in the digestion of ama (toxins)
  3. Krimighna: Antiparasitic
  4. Tridosha-hara: Balances all three doshas

Therapeutic properties

Green Chiretta has a wide range of medicinal properties. Some of its major medicinal properties include:
  1. Immunomodulatory: Enhances the body’s immune system.
  2. Antipyretic: Controls body temperature during fever.
  3. Hepatoprotective: Protects liver from damage and aids detoxification.
  4. Anti-inflammatory: Reduces inflammatory symptoms.
  5. Antimicrobial: Eliminates bacteria, viruses, and parasites.
  6. Antioxidant: Prevents oxidative stress by neutralizing free radicals.

Health Benefits of Green Chiretta

Green Chiretta gives many health benefits to the body, its consumption:
  • Supports the immune system: Green Chiretta strengthens the immune system, reducing the risk of infections such as colds, flu, and respiratory illnesses.
  • Helps in fever management: Its antipyretic properties help in reducing fever and related symptoms.
  • Enhances liver health: Its regular consumption supports liver function, aids in detoxification, and prevents liver disorders.
  • Anti-inflammatory action: It helps reduce inflammation in conditions like arthritis, sinusitis, and skin disorders.
  • Aids digestion: This herb provides relief from indigestion by stimulating digestion and also enhances gut health.
  • Exhibits Antimicrobial Activity: Green Chiretta exhibits broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, making it effective against many infections.
  • Antioxidant Protection: It contains antioxidant properties that help deal with oxidative stress and prevent cellular damage.

Uses of Green Chiretta

It is used in various forms such as:
  • In the form of decoction and infusion: It is prepared by boiling the aerial parts of the plant in water. To get its medicinal benefits, this decoction should be consumed as per medical advice.
  • Using its tinctures and extracts: Alcohol or water-based extracts of green Chiretta are commonly used for their concentrated therapeutic effects.
  • In the form of powder and capsules: For convenient consumption use dried and powdered leaves or extracts.
  • Topical Uses: Ointments, creams, and poultices are used to relieve skin conditions and reduce inflammation.


Green Chiretta is a modern herb known for its powerful medicinal properties and rich cultural heritage. It boosts immunity, supports liver health, and maintains overall health by reducing many diseases. Whether in its Ayurvedic formulation or use in modern herbal supplements, it remains a symbol of health and healing for people around the world.

Remember, before starting any new wellness regimen, it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional to ensure it is suitable for your specific needs and circumstances.

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