Adiantum philippense: Chemical Composition, uses, Precautions

Adiantum philippense is commonly known as the Philippine maidenhair fern. This fascinating medicinal plant has been known for its medicinal properties for centuries. Adiantum philippense is its scientific name which is native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia including the Philippines, India, and Southeast Asia. In this article, we will learn about it in more detail.
Adiantum philippense: Chemical Composition, uses, Precautions
Table of Contents


Adiantum tenerum, Adiantum tenerum var. philippense, Adiantum hymenophylloides

Habit and Natural Habitat

Adiantum philippense is a perennial plant that is a delicate fern with a creeping rhizome. It belongs to the Pteridaceae family and is native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, including the Philippines, India, and Southeast Asia. This fern thrives in moist and shady environments. It is often found growing on moist rocks, river banks, and moist forests.

Other Common names

Philippine maidenhair fern

Chemical Composition

Many compounds like flavonoids, phenolic compounds, tannins, and essential oils are found in it.

Parts Used

Generally, its leaves and rhizomes are used for medicinal purposes.

Properties of Adiantum Philippense

Ayurvedic Properties

In Ayurveda, Adiantum Philippense is known as ‘Hanspadi‘. It is classified as a ‘Kapha-Vata sedative‘, which means it helps balance Kapha and Vata doshas. It is considered a coolant, diuretic, and tonic for the liver and lungs.

Therapeutic properties

Adiantum Philippense has many therapeutic properties:
  • Adiantum philippense has anti-inflammatory properties, making it beneficial for inflammatory conditions like arthritis and gout.
  • This fern contains antioxidants that help protect cells from oxidative damage caused by free radicals.
  • Adiantum philippense acts as a diuretic. It promotes the elimination of excess fluids and toxins from the body, which may be beneficial for kidney and urinary health.
  • Its hepatoprotective properties support liver function and may help prevent liver damage caused by toxins or medications.
  • In traditional medicine, it is used to treat respiratory conditions such as cough, asthma, and bronchitis due to its expectorant and bronchodilator effects.

Health Benefits of Adiantum Philippense

Adiantum philippense offers a variety of health benefits, including:
  1. It can help improve digestion and relieve gastrointestinal discomfort, thereby eliminating problems like indigestion, bloating, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
  2. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of Adiantum philippense may help promote healthy skin by reducing inflammation, preventing acne, and slowing the aging process.
  3. The mineral-rich composition of this fern improves bone density and strength and may help reduce the risk of osteoporosis and fractures.
  4. Its adaptogenic properties help the body deal with stress thereby promoting overall well-being.

Uses of Adiantum Philippense

  • In traditional medicine, it is used to prepare decoctions, extracts, and poultices to treat various ailments such as respiratory disorders, digestive problems, inflammatory conditions, and skin disorders.
  • In some cultures, the young shoots and leaves of Adiantum philippense are consumed as nutritious vegetables because they are rich in vitamins and minerals.
  • The extract of this fern is used in products such as creams, lotions, and serums due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Precautionary Measures for Adiantum Philippense

Although Adiantum Philippense offers many health benefits, some people should exercise caution when consuming it, including pregnant and lactating women. Because consumption of any herb at such times can be harmful for them. Apart from this, some people may be allergic to it, hence in case of any allergic reaction while consuming it, one must consult a doctor. A healthy person should follow its recommended dosage only otherwise it can be harmful to health.


Adiantum philippense is an invaluable herb from the point of view of traditional medicine. It has been in use for centuries. It has many properties due to which many people use it, but it is necessary to be careful while using it, otherwise, it can be harmful to many people. Consuming it in limited quantity with a doctor’s consultation causes less harm.

Remember, before starting any new wellness regimen, it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional to ensure it is suitable for your specific needs and circumstances.

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