Gendarussa Vulgaris Nees: habitat, properties, benefits, uses

Gendarussa vulgaris Nees is commonly known as “Javanese Longevity Spinach”. Native to china, This medicinal plant has been known for its medicinal properties for centuries.
Gendarussa Vulgaris Nees: habitat, properties, benefits, uses
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Javanese Longevity Spinach, Gendarussa spinosa, Gendarussa vulgaris


A perennial shrub that grows to a height of 1–2 meters. In this, the leaves are wide, and oval and are situated in opposite directions on the stem. The plant’s branches are reddish-brown, giving it a distinctive appearance. During the flowering season, it produces small white to light purple flowers.


Native to Southeast Asia, it thrives in tropical and subtropical climates. It is usually found in moist, shady areas such as forests, river banks, grasslands, and marshy areas. It prefers well-drained, loamy soil rich in organic matter.

Common names

In India, Gendarussa vulgaris is commonly known as “Gandarusa.” 

Chemical Composition

Its chemical composition is rich and diverse, including various bioactive compounds:
  1. Alkaloids
  2. Flavonoids
  3. Tannins
  4. Saponins
  5. Terpenoids

Used Part of Plant

The leaves and roots of Gendarussa vulgaris Nees are most commonly used for medicinal purposes. Contains a high concentration of bioactive compounds

Properties of Gendarussa vulgaris Nees

Ayurvedic Properties

According to Ayurvedic principles, Gendarussa vulgaris possesses the following properties:
  1. Rasa (Taste): Bitter, Astringent
  2. Guna (Quality): Light, Dry
  3. Virya (Potency): Cooling
  4. Vipaka (Post-digestive effect): Pungent
  5. Dosha Effect: Balances Vata and Kapha, but may aggravate Pitta when consumed in excess

Therapeutic Properties

It is known for its diverse medicinal properties, including:
  1. Anti-inflammatory
  2. Antioxidant
  3. Antimicrobial
  4. Painkillers
  5. Anti-diabetic
  6. Immunomodulatory
  7. Hepatoprotective

Health Benefits of Gendarussa Vulgaris Nees

Many health benefits are obtained from the consumption of Ganderusa vulgaris Nice, some of its benefits are as follows:

  • Support the immune system: Due to its immunomodulatory properties, Jendersa vulgaris Nice may help enhance the body’s natural defenses against infections and diseases.
  • Contain Antioxidants: Gendarussa vulgaris Nees contains powerful antioxidants that neutralize free radicals, protecting cells from oxidative damage.
  • Controls blood sugar: Studies have shown that Gendarussa vulgaris Nees can help control blood sugar levels, making it beneficial for individuals with diabetes.
  • Enhances Liver Health: The hepatoprotective properties of Gendarussa Vulgaris Nees may aid liver function and help in liver detoxification.
  • Has antimicrobial properties: Gendarussa vulgaris Nees has demonstrated antimicrobial properties against various pathogens including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. This antimicrobial activity may help prevent and treat infections.
  • Helps reduce stress: It is used to reduce stress and anxiety due to its calming and adaptogenic properties. It helps balance stress hormones and promote relaxation.
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How to Uses Gendarussa Vulgaris Nees

It can be used in many ways some of which are as follows
1. As herbal tea: It can be consumed as tea. To make its soothing tea, put the leaves in hot water and filter it.
2. In the form of tinctures and extracts: Tinctures and extracts are prepared by extracting bioactive compounds from the leaves and roots of the plant for concentrated medicinal use.
3. Topical application: Applying crushed leaves or a prepared ointment to the skin is beneficial for anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects.
4. As a dietary supplement: Its capsules or tablets can be consumed for convenient consumption.


Gendarussa vulgaris Nees, the Javanese longevity spinach, is a medicinal plant that has been used for centuries. It has a rich history of its own. Due to its chemical composition, Ayurvedic properties, and medical benefits, it is considered beneficial for health. It can be consumed in any form such as herbal tea, dietary supplement, or topical application to reap its benefits.

Remember, before starting any new wellness regimen, it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional to ensure it is suitable for your specific needs and circumstances.

Frequently Asked Question
Gendarusa vulgaris is used for a variety of diseases, including:
  1. Respiratory problems: asthma, cough, bronchitis
  2. Skin Condition: Eczema
  3. Inflammation: arthritis, fever
  4. Others: Colic, Insect Repellent
These are traditional uses, and there is limited scientific evidence to support these claims.
There is not enough scientific data available to determine whether Zandersa vulgaris is safe for children. It is very important to consult a doctor before using this plant for medicinal purposes, especially for children.
Traditionally it has been used for various diseases, but scientific evidence of its effectiveness is limited. More research is needed to confirm its benefits and safety.

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