Hygrophila spinosa: habitat, Chemical Composition, Properties, and Uses

Hygrophila spinosa is commonly known as ‘Talmakhana’ or ‘Kokilaksha’. It has a rich history in traditional medicine. In ancient times it was used for many medicinal properties. In this article, we will learn about this medicinal plant in detail.
Hygrophila spinosa: habitat, Chemical Composition, Properties, and Uses
Table of Contents


Talmakhana, Kokilaksha, Gokulakanta, Ikshura

Habit and Habitat

Hygrophila spinosa is a perennial plant natively grows in tropical and subtropical regions. It is usually found in river banks, marshy areas, and wetlands. The height of this plant is up to 2 meters and it has purple or blue flowers.

Common names

Commonly known as Talmakhana, Kokilaksha

Chemical Composition

Alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and glycosides. 

Used Part of Plant

The seeds and roots of Hygrophila spinosa are mainly used for medicinal purposes. Its seeds are rich in nutrients and bioactive compounds, while the roots contain powerful phytochemicals

Properties of Hygrophila spinosa

Ayurvedic Properties

Hygrophila spinosa possesses the following Ayurvedic properties:
  1. Rasa (Taste): Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
  2. Guna (Quality): Laghu (Light), Snigdha (Oily)
  3. Virya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)
  4. Vipaka (Post-digestive effect): Katu (Pungent)
  5. Dosha Effect: Balances Vata and Kapha doshas

Therapeutic Properties

Hygrophila spinosa is renowned for its diverse medicinal properties, including:
  1. Diuretic: Helps increase urine production and flush out toxins from the body.
  2. Aphrodisiac: Enhances libido and sexual performance.
  3. Antioxidant: Fights free radicals and oxidative stress.
  4. Anti-inflammatory: Reduces irritation and swelling.
  5. Hepatoprotective: Protects the liver from damage and enhances liver health.
  6. Immunomodulatory: Enhances overall health by boosting the immune system.

Health Benefits of Hygrophila spinosa

Hygrophila spinosa offers many health benefits. But before consuming it, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Some of its health benefits are as follows:

  • Enhances urinary health: Due to its diuretic properties, Hygrophila spinosa may help treat urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and bladder disorders. It flushes out toxins and promotes kidney health.
  • Helps with sexual well-being: As an aphrodisiac, it improves libido and can treat sexual dysfunctions such as erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. Additionally, it can increase overall sexual performance and satisfaction.
  • Antioxidant Support: Antioxidant compounds present in Hygrophila spinosa help neutralize free radicals, reduce oxidative stress prevent cellular damage, and contribute to anti-aging and longevity.
  • Anti-inflammatory relieving properties: Its anti-inflammatory properties make it beneficial for treating arthritis, rheumatism, and other inflammatory conditions. It relieves pain, reduces inflammation, and improves joint mobility.
  • Protects Liver: Hygrophila spinosa acts as a hepatoprotective agent. This compound protects the liver from damage caused by toxins, alcohol, and drugs. This stimulates liver function, detoxifies the body, and helps in liver regeneration.
  • Acts as an immunity booster: Its immunomodulatory properties enhance the body’s defense mechanisms, strengthening immunity and reducing susceptibility to infections, colds, and flu.

How to Uses Hygrophila spinosa

Hygrophila spinosa can be used in different forms:
1. In decoction form: Its seeds and roots are boiled to prepare a decoction, which is consumed to treat urinary disorders, increase sexual vitality, and promote overall health.
2. In the form of powder: Its seeds are dried and ground to form a fine powder, which can be consumed by mixing it with honey or milk. You should consume it only as per doctor’s advice.
3. Use a tincture: A tincture can be prepared using the plant extract, which is taken orally.
4. Topical Application: A paste or poultice from Hygrophila spinosa can also be applied externally to treat skin conditions, wounds, and inflammatory swellings.


Hygrophila spinosa, with its innumerable medicinal properties and health benefits, is known as a testament to the healing power of nature. This remarkable plant provides a natural and effective solution to various health problems. Adopt the knowledge of traditional medicine and consume it only as per the doctor’s advice to live a healthy life.

Remember, before starting any new wellness regimen, it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional to ensure it is suitable for your specific needs and circumstances.

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